“What is this?”, you may be thinking. “A yellow bun with a spice I’ve only had in paella?!”
How should one properly explain the pure love we, Swedes, feel for this simply delightful bun of goodness? Listen to me, if you couldn’t care less about what on earth these buns are, simply skip the part in italics. However, if you’d like to get a better understanding for the Swedish culture and this amazing treat, keep reading, or watch this hilarious yet educating video:
For a Swede, the 13th of December does not only mean that it’s only 11 days until Christmas, (as we celebrate it on the 24th), it is also one of the highlights of the year, literally.
During the winter, Sweden is very dark. Seriously, around 3-4 PM it’s pitch black outside. Therefore, Lucia, the most delightful and bright celebration of the year, certainly is needed.
Originally, Lucia is an old tradition from Sicily, celebrating the sacrifice that Lucia, the martyr saint, made. Everyone in Sweden knows the legend about Lucia. Lucia was a daughter of a rich merchant/duke, but she was extremely humble and kind. She even used to sneak out and give away all of her belongings to the poor. She had hundreds of suitors, who all begged for her hand. However, she refused to fall for any of them due to her strong belief in God. One time, when she visited a jail, where the sick and insane were locked in, one of the guards fell on his knees begging for her hand. He told her that she had the most beautiful eyes he had ever seen, and he wanted them to be his beyond anything else. Basically, he asked her to marry him, in a very odd way. Anyhow, without hesitating, she used her hands and took her eyes out, and gave them to him. He started screaming and calling her a witch. Later, she was sentenced to be burned alive on a pyre, tied to a wooden stock. The legend goes that she was not consumed by the flames, and that suddenly she obtained new bright blue eyes (she used to have brown eyes before the removal), that God had given her as a reward for her faithfulness. Because the fire didn’t even touch her slightest, she was later killed with a sword through her throat.
As a result, every 13th of December we celebrate Lucia, the bearer of light. Regardless of where you go on the 13th of December, Lucia is celebrated. It’s a tradition celebrated everywhere from schools, churches, hospitals, kindergartens, to retirement homes. The way of celebrating can be as simple as eating a traditional Swedish saffron bun, “Lussekatt”, “Lucia’s cat”, also known as “Lussebullar”, “Lucia’s buns”, drinking mulled wine and eating ginger bread or by attending a traditional Lucia “performance”, “Luciatåg”.
In these “Lucia performances”, there always is one person person who is chosen to be Lucia, who gets to lead the procession wearing a long white gown, a kind of crown with candles, representing the light, and an extra thick red ribbon, symbolising the blood from the sacrifice, tied around his or hers waist. In the old days, only a girl could be chosen to be Lucia, but nowadays anyone can be chosen. Some controversy is still around non-female Lucias, but that is in my opinion simply dumb. The rest of the girls in the procession are called”tärnor”, “maids”. They hold lit candles and wear the same kind of white gown as the Lucia, but their red ribbons around their waists are thinner than Lucia’s. Boys usually are “stjärngossar”, “star boys”, and also wear the same kind of white gown. However, they also wear a special kind of paper cone hat and carry a special stick with a star attached to the end. Less traditionally yet super cute, smaller children often are dressed up as gingerbread men or elfs.
Special songs are sang during the “Luciatåg”, and most Swedes know them well enough to sing a couple from memory, always with pride. I, myself, have actually been Lucia twice, once in church, as I sang in church choir for four years, and in year nine, my last year before heading off to the Swedish equivalent of High school. Being Lucia, leading the “Luciatåg”, and singing solos certainly is an amazing experience. I truly recommend Googling “Luciatåg”. There are many beautiful clips and videos of traditional Lucia processions to watch. Interestingly enough, every year, a National Lucia is elected to lead the “Luciatåg”, that is not only held in Sweden’s capital, Stockholm, but also aired on national TV. Airing the performance on national TV enables every person in the country to watch and take part in such a beautiful and important tradition in the comforts of their home. Also, this national Lucia basically receives a status, comparable to someone like miss America, for the rest of the year.
In summary, I absolutely adore this celebration. It’s filled with so many bright and happy memories from when I sang in church choir. Honesly, I still get goose bumps when I hear some of the traditional Lucia songs! I hope you, guys, have learned something new today. Also, I’d love to know what traditions you have in your countries. Please, do comment and tell me down bellow! Sending you guys lots of love, and have an amazing day!
The most traditional way to make Lussekatter is to shape the dough into S shapes with a raisin in each swirl (you can see how to shape your buns in the video above). However, there are many other creative ways to make your buns a little more interesting. The ones displayed bellow are actually still rather traditional.
Another less traditional way to shape your dough, that has become more common, is to braid the it. I actually found braiding the dough helped the bun to stay moist for longer, at least compared to regular S-shaped buns. If you’d like to try braiding your dough yourself, here is a great video made by BakaMedFrida. Note: When braiding the dough, I decided to incorporate the raisins into the dough instead of topping it with them.
Yes, I could help myself. I am experimenting with making short clips for my recipes. Note that the music in the video is the most classic Lucia song in existence, “Natten går tunga fjät”.
Veganized Traditional Swedish Saffron Buns
These S-shaped raisin inserted saffron buns, lussebullar, are a must at any occasion during Christmas in Sweden especially on the 13th of December when Lucia is celebrated.
- Yield: 16 larger ones, 30 smaller ones or one very long braid
- Optionally, but recommended 25g / 1 oz margarine or oil of choice
- 2 ½ dl/ 1 cup milk of choice
- 125 gram / 4,5 oz / 1/2 cup thicker yoghurt of choice (I used Alpro’s Go on)
- At minimum 60g / 2 oz sweetener of choice (I used honey)*
- 1g / 1/2 tsp saffron
- 50g / 1,75 oz fresh yeast
- 450g / 15,9 oz finely milled whole grain flour
- 1 beaten egg or a couple of table spoons plant cream or plant milk for “egg washing”
- A couple handfuls of raisins
- Start with soaking a handful of raisins in warm water for at least 10 minutes.
- On the stove top, combined the margarine, milk, yoghurt, sweetener, and saffron in a sauce pan, over low-medium heat. Once the mixture is lukewarm, which when it’s around 38ºC/100ºF, take the mixture off the stove. (If the mixture is too warm it can kill the yeast, and then your buns won’t rise!)
- In a large bowl, finely crumble the yeast, pour over the saffron mixture, and give it a good stir, so the yeast dissolves.
- For the next step, I used a stand mixer, but you can knead by hand as well. To the saffron yeast mixture, start adding a couple of spoonfuls of flour at the time, and let the machine work, until the dough can be kneaded by hand. It should still be moist, so be careful with adding the flour at the end. If you have some flour over, you can use the left overs when kneading the dough and shaping the buns.
- Preheat the oven to 450°F (225°C). Transfer the dough to a lightly floured surface and knead for a couple of minutes, shape the dough into a baguette, divide into 16 equal pieces and, using your hands, roll each piece into a long medium-thick sausage. Then, to each sausage, roll both ends tight in opposite direction, into an S-shaped bun. (See video above!) Place buns, well spaced apart, on 2 baking sheets, cover with a cloth and set aside in a warm spot to rise for at least 30 minutes.
- Brush the buns with an egg yolk, plant milk or plant cream, and then insert one or two raisin in the middle of each “swirl”. Bake the buns for 7-9 minutes, until golden brown on top. Transfer to a wire rack to let cool slightly. Enjoy!
*If you use less than 60g of sweetener your risk not feeding the yeast enough, which will result in your dough and buns not rising.
If you want to make it into a braid here’s a link for a great video made by BakaMedFrida. When braiding the dough, I decided to incorporate the raisins into the dough.
Keywords: Lussebullar, lussekatter, Swedish Saffron buns, saffransbullar, veganska, vegan, nyttiga